Theodolite systems come in two types: non-digital and digital. Non-digital theodolite systems are no longer in use, and digital theodolites such as Leica theodolite systems comprise a telescope attached to a base and an electronic readout screen that displays vertical and horizontal angles. Digital theodolite systems are convenient since the digital readouts take the place of conventional graduated circles, and this makes more accurate readings.
Components of a Theodolite
Like other leveling tools, Leica theodolite systems comprise a telescope mounted on its base. The telescope has a sight on the top that is utilized to align the target. The tool has a focusing knowledge that’s used to make objects clear. The telescope contains an eyepiece that users look through to locate the target being sighted. The objective lens is situated on the telescope but on the opposite side of the eyepiece. The lens is utilized to see the objects and, with the assistance of the mirrors in the telescope, lets the object be magnified. The Leica theodolite system’s base is threaded for easier mounting on a tripod.
How the System Works
Leica theodolite systems work by combining optical plumb bobs or plummets, a bubble level or spirit, and graduated circles to locate horizontal and vertical angles in surveying. The optical plumb bob ensures that the system is placed vertically above the survey point. The spirit or bubble level ensures that the gadget Is level to the horizon, and the graduated circles, one horizontal and one vertical allow the operator to survey for angles.
How to Use the Theodolite System
Use the surveyor’s nail or stake to mark a point on the device. This location serves as a starting point for calculating distances and angles.
- Mount your tripod. Make sure the mounting plate’s centered hole is over the stake or nail. Check if the tripod’s height allows the tool to be at eye level.
- With the help of the brackets on the sides of each stand, force the tripod stands into the soil
- Attach the theodolite system on top of your tripod and fasten it with a mounting knob.
- Check the distance between the instrument and the ground. This will serve as a reference point for other stations.
- Adjust the tripod stands and use the bull’s eye to ensure the system is on the level. Use a leveling knob to ensure everything is right and make some adjustments.
- Adjust the vertical plummet( small sight) on the theodolite’s bottom. The small sight allows you to keep the device over the stake or nail. The bottom knob will help you adjust a plummet.
- Target the key scope’s crosshairs at the location to be measured. Use the locking knobs on the side to keep the instrument aimed at the desired point.
Leica theodolite systems come with an internal optical gadget to males reading circles more accurately than other devices. Since the devices let you take fewer repeat readings, the measurements will be done quickly. Theodolite systems with optical tools have many benefits over other layout instruments. They’re not affected by wind and other weather conditions; they have precise and accurate measurements and can be used on sloped or flat ground.